Managing pain can be quite tricky many a time. Often, you may be in a dilemma about which mode of treatment would be the best to follow to get complete pain relief, whether to rely on pain medications or opt for other options. You may also be wondering whether spine surgery is necessary or not, the type of spine specialist to consult, and so on.
An Overview Of Pain Management
Careful attention to pain management is the first step in seeking the right treatment. The techniques for controlling pain can range from simple to sophisticated methods, which might depend on how the pain is caused. Each individual has a different experience of pain, and whether a particular treatment will be useful or not varies from person to person.
For instance, a nerve root irritation arising from a herniated disc can induce pain that radiates down the leg. This painful condition can be mitigated with the application of epidural steroid injection and physical therapy. While many get instant relief with this treatment procedure, there are others for whom this technique completely fails. They may require other treatment methods to alleviate the pain. Some pain-relieving skills and practices include:
- Medication management
- Intervention techniques
- Chiropractic therapy or physical therapy
- Alternative pain management therapies, such as acupuncture
- Psychological counselling and support
- Referral to other medical specialists
The Basic Types Of Pain
The treatment of pain depends mainly upon the type of pain being experienced. The different sources of depression need to be segregated into categories, such as nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain, which are discussed below.
Nociceptive pain is the most common form of physical pain that is caused when the nociceptors or pain receptors present in your skin detect a harmful stimulus. These noxious stimuli can be caused by physical damage to the different body parts, such as bones, muscles, skin, or various other tissues. The nociceptors can also determine the chemical and thermal cost. Nociceptive pain is also caused by burns, bruises, fractures, and overuse or damaged joints like in the case of sprains or arthritis.
This kind of pain originates from irritation of the nerve roots, such as a disc herniation. The pain runs down the arm or leg along the nerves that disperse from the nerve root of the spinal cord.
Somatic pain is the pain associated with the back or thigh regions of the body. Back pain is mainly caused by three structures in the back, including the facet joints, the sacroiliac joint, and the discs.
Neuropathic pain is caused by injuries or diseases that affect the body’s neurological system. Often, the source of this type of pain is difficult to detect. Typically, painful conditions, like diabetic peripheral neuropathy and shingles, fall under this category. Neuropathic pain can also occur in case of nerve damage or cuts, or after a stroke. This kind of grief includes:
- Reflex sympathetic dystrophy or Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
- Sympathetically aroused pain
- Interstitial cystitis
- Irritable bowel syndrome
Diagnosis And Treatment Of Nociceptive Pain
The treatment for nociceptive pain is planned depending on the severity of the condition. Pain caused by minor injuries goes away as soon as the wound is healed.
However, while treating more severe pain, a physician needs to know about the patient’s medical history, the duration of the pain, the intensity, the conditions that provide relief or cause deterioration, etc. This guides the doctor when it comes time to implement. The most suitable treatment method that can enhance the painful condition. Pain management includes identifying the exact source of the state and determining the optimal course of treatment.
Pain-relief techniques employed to reduce painful conditions include home-based treatments, prescriptions, over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, and surgery.
Ultrasound is a viewing technique that is used by doctors to detect any internal injuries, inflammations or other issues that might be generating pain. This technique is also used to guide injections.
Fluoroscopy is an X-ray guided examination that assists the physician to view the exact spot on the body where the injection needs to be applied so that the medication reaches the appropriate area. Fluoroscopy or x-ray guided injections also help identify the source of the back pain.
Treatment Of Neuropathic Pain
Neurological pain is often treated using a combination of treatment methods that can improve the pain and help restore normal bodily functioning. The treatment of this type of pain is mainly based on medications. Different kinds of drugs are used for neuropathic pain, including anti-seizure medicines. Which functions on various neurotransmitters, like GABA and glycine, and antidepressants, which affect the amount of serotonin or norepinephrine secreted by the brain.
The spinal cord stimulator is also a useful tool to treat neuropathic pain. It transfers a small amount of electrical energy to the spine to help mitigate the pain.
Chronic pain is one of the most common health conditions that compel many adults to consult a physician in the United States. Doctors can help reduce this pain by advising you to take one of the many non-addictive pain-relieving drugs available today.
They may also apply other interventions, such as massage, yoga, exercise, and physical therapy, to help restore your mobility and improve your quality of life. By implementing one or a few of these pain management techniques. It is possible to restore good health so that you can enjoy your presence to the fullest.