Are you experiencing sudden bouts of dizziness? Or as soon as you get out of bed, you feel woozy or loss of balance? Does Walking on stairs or using escalators seem a difficult task when you are feeling light-headed? Are you experiencing a sensation where a world seems to spin around when you are in a static position? If the answer to all the questions is yes, it indicates you are experiencing a common condition known as vertigo.
It becomes quite difficult to accomplish daily chores and live with vertigo. It can be caused due to several reasons, whether it is caused due to disease, virus infection, or trauma, but diagnosing the underlying cause for getting the right vertigo treatment is a must. Vertigo is not a disease but a symptom of various ailments. Mild vertigo can be treated well at home with specific home remedies and repositioning maneuvers.
If you are experiencing repeated episodes of vertigo spells and symptoms, start getting severe, seeking medical advice is recommended. An expert neurologist will diagnose the underlying cause of vertigo to find out what is triggering the condition and would suggest the best treatment to treat the same. Patients suffering from balance disorders or vertigo spells are advised by doctors to undergo ENG test, also known as electronystagmography test to diagnose the underlying condition of vertigo. It will help you in getting the right vertigo treatment that will help in alleviating vertigo symptoms as soon as possible.
What Is The ENG Test For Vertigo?
Vertigo is quite a complex condition and treating it seems a tricky task, though. Disorder or inflammation in the inner ear, vestibular system, or head leads vertigo situations in patients. Sometimes vertigo spells settle it, but if the case is severe, it keeps on recurring frequently. Meniere Disease, BPPV Vertigo, Vestibular migraines, vestibular neuritis are some of the common conditions that cause bouts of vertigo.
ENG test for vertigo is a series of sensory tests that help in identifying the underlying condition of vertigo by examining the eyes and ears of the patient. Your doctor will measure or track your reactions to the light, different patterns, motions, and will check the effect of fluids in your inner ear. It will help the neurologist in examining what is causing sudden bouts of vertigo spells. Your doctor will suggest the right vertigo treatments to combat the issue after you undergo an ENG test.
Slight movements of your eyes are even detected in the ENG test. It helps in diagnosing vertigo, balance issues, vestibular issues in patients that are related to change, inner ear and vestibular nerve which is responsible for sending messages to the brain for the body to function correctly. ENG test may also help doctors to identify if there are any physical signs of the underlying ailment. If you are continually experiencing vertigo symptoms like spinning sensation, sweating, headaches, nausea, vomiting, ringing in the ear known as tinnitus, then your doctor may suggest you undergoing an electronystagmography test.
Your Doctor Will Suggest You Some Tips To Get Yourself Prepared Before Undergoing The ENG Test. Let’s Have A Look At Some Tips Before Undergoing ENG Test For Vertigo.
- Inform your doctor about your medicines and medical history. He may recommend you to stop taking medications 72 hours before undergoing the ENG test for vertigo.
- Avoiding caffeinated beverages and alcohol 48 hours before undergoing the test is recommended by doctors.
- You may be advised not to eat anything for at least 4 hours before the ENG test.
- Earwax may skew the accurate results of the test. So it is advised to clean your ear beforehand before the procedure starts.
- Don’t drive yourself just after the completion of the ENG test. Instead of driving, ask someone to pick you up or book a drive for yourself.
How Is The ENG Test Carried Out?
ENG test for vertigo involves a series of several criteria for which the patient should be calm as it may take up to 90 minutes to complete the test. Your doctor will place electrodes around your eyes after cleansing your required area. With the advancement in medical technology, some testing uses a binocular camera that looks like virtual-reality goggles instead of electrodes. Tests that are carried out by following this procedure are known as VNG. In the VNG test, the slightest of eye movements are recorded on video to measure.
Let’s Have A Look At Series Of Tests
The Calibration Test
When a patient undergoes a Calibration test, you are asked only to use your eyes. During the calibration test, you are asked to follow a light that is 10 feet away. It helps in diagnosis a condition where you have trouble judging distances.
The Tracking Test
The tracking test is also known as the nystagmus test. Nystagmus is an eye condition in which your eyes move without any control of it. You are asked to either lie down or remain seated while undergoing ENG. While you are experiencing the tracking test, you are asked to look at a fixed light set in front of you without moving your eyes. There are two types of tracking test one is the pendulum-tracking test, and the other is an optokinetic test.
The Positional Test
During the positional test, you are asked by your doctor to move your head. He will ask you to change the position of the head accordingly during the trial. He will measure the effect on your eyes due to the change in the location of your head.
The Water Caloric Test
During the water caloric test, a stream of fresh or warm water is injected in one ear first, followed by another.
As soon as you are finished with the series of electronystagmography test, some patients may feel slightly dizzy. You are advised to lie down for a few minutes instead of getting up suddenly. If your ENG test indicates any vertigo conditions or balance issues, your doctor will guide you with the right treatments and prescribe the right medications and physical therapies to treat the same.